League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions, and the Battle for Truth

League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions, and the Battle for Truth

Mark Fainaru-Wada, Steve Fainaru


“PROFESSIONAL soccer avid gamers don't maintain common REPETITIVE BLOWS TO THE mind ON a standard BASIS.”
So concluded the nationwide soccer League in a December 2005 medical paper on concussions in America’s preferred game. That judgment, unbelievable even to an off-the-cuff fan, additionally contradicted the opinion of a transforming into cadre of neuroscientists who labored in useless to persuade the NFL that it was once dealing with a dangerous new scourge: a protracted mind disorder that used to be riding an alarming variety of avid gamers -- together with many of the all-time greats -- to madness.
League of Denial unearths how the NFL, over a interval of approximately twenty years, sought to hide up and deny mounting facts of the relationship among soccer and mind damage.
Comprehensively, and for the 1st time, award-winning ESPN investigative journalists Mark Fainaru-Wada and Steve Fainaru inform the tale of a public healthiness quandary that emerged from the taking part in fields of our twenty first century hobby. all people knew that soccer is violent and unsafe. yet what the gamers who outfitted the NFL right into a $10 billion didn’t understand – and what the league sought to protect from them – is that no quantity of padding may defend the human mind from the strength generated through sleek soccer; that the very essence of the sport will be exposing those gamers to mind damage.
In a fast moving narrative that strikes among the NFL trenches, America’s examine labs and the boardrooms the place the NFL went to battle opposed to technology, League of Denial examines how the league used its energy and assets to assault self sustaining scientists and increase its personal improper study -- a crusade with echoes of huge Tobacco’s struggle to disclaim the relationship among smoking and lung melanoma. It chronicles the tragic fates of avid gamers like corridor of repute Pittsburgh Steelers heart Mike Webster, who used to be so disturbed on the time of his dying he fantasized approximately taking pictures NFL executives; and previous Chargers nice Junior Seau, whose diseased mind turned the objective of an unseemly clinical conflict among researchers and the NFL. in accordance with specific interviews, formerly undisclosed files and personal emails, this can be the tale of what the NFL knew and whilst it knew it – questions on the center of predicament that threatens soccer, from the top degrees down to Pop Warner.

Show sample text content

Download sample