Sex, Drugs, and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict
Kelly M. Greenhill
Big, interesting numbers are usually utilized in coverage debates and media reporting: "At least 200,000-250,000 humans died within the conflict in Bosnia." "There are 3 million baby squaddies in Africa." "More than 650,000 civilians were killed as a result of U.S. career of Iraq." "Between 600,000 and 800,000 ladies are trafficked throughout borders each year." "Money laundering represents up to 10 percentage of worldwide GDP." "Internet baby porn is a $20 billion-a-year industry."
Peter Andreas and Kelly M. Greenhill see just one challenge: those numbers are most likely fake. Their endured use and abuse replicate a miles greater and troubling development: policymakers and the media naively or intentionally settle for hugely politicized and questionable statistical claims approximately actions which are super tough to degree. accordingly, we too frequently turn into trapped by way of those legendary numbers, with perverse and counterproductive consequences.
This challenge exists in myriad coverage nation-states. however it is especially said in information concerning the politically charged geographical regions of world crime and conflict-numbers of individuals killed in massacres and through genocides, the scale of refugee flows, the value of the illicit worldwide exchange in medications and humans, etc. In Sex, medicines, and physique Counts, political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, and coverage analysts seriously study the murky origins of a few of those facts and hint their extraordinary proliferation. in addition they examine the traditional metrics used to judge coverage effectiveness in scuffling with difficulties corresponding to terrorist financing, intercourse trafficking, and the drug trade.
Contributors: Peter Andreas, Brown collage; Thomas J. Biersteker, Graduate Institute of foreign and improvement Studies-Geneva; Sue E. Eckert, Brown college; David A. Feingold, Ophidian examine Institute and UNESCO; H. Richard Friman, Marquette collage; Kelly M. Greenhill, Tufts collage and Harvard collage; John Hagan, Northwestern collage; Lara J. Nettelfield, Institut Barcelona D'Estudis Internacionals and Simon Fraser collage; Wenona Rymond-Richmond, college of Massachusetts Amherst; Winifred Tate, Colby university; Kay B. Warren, Brown University
Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Kenneth Dam famous in June 2002 that the 1st section of the monetary entrance of the conflict on terrorism were ruled by way of public designations of terrorists and makes an attempt to freeze their money owed. “To make certain, this was—and remains—an very important element of the struggle opposed to terrorist financing” however the attempt had entered moment section, one unable to be quantified, and within which “public designations and blockings won't dominate.”15 although it really is uncertain no matter if this.
activities in those parts in and of themselves should not utilized in the certification strategy. The irony is that Congress and the administrative have either argued because the Eighties that the narcotics exchange is a world problem that has effects on the nationwide protection of the us and feature sought to strain built and constructing nations alike to extend compliance with the U.S. regulate schedule. those arguments have intensified because the September eleven, 2001 terrorist assaults, emphasizing the specter of drug.
Been released.58 for example, a small firestorm erupted after a examine crew from Johns Hopkins released their debatable declare simply weeks earlier than the 2006 U.S. Congressional elections that greater than 600,000 Iraqi noncombatants had died as a result of struggle. a few observers charged that the timing used to be rarely incidental, yet particularly in particular designed to persuade the result of the elections.59 The nationwide magazine dedicated a topic to the politics of physique counts in Iraq, and the.
half from conviction by means of the politicization of the clash and the numbers to which it gave upward push. extra major, and a bit of sarcastically, this inconclusive finishing has supplied extra succor to radicals who nonetheless continue that the Serbs have been the genuine sufferers of the Nineties wars. For no matter what such political ammunition is worthy, as virulent nationalists comparable to Tomislav Nikolic´ and Vojislav Šešelj nonetheless garner the aid of an important variety of Serbs, this may infrequently be the result the.
Society, or social crew have ended in civil clash or foreign warfare. This ended in the violent dying of enormous civilian populations and of their titanic displacement to unsafe dwelling conditions—typically to overflowing and inadequately resourced camps—that in flip develop into breeding grounds for ailment, dehydration, hunger, malnutrition, and different assets of over the top deaths.3 The id of humanitarian emergencies as “complex” displays from the outset the worries of public.